After quelling the revolt, Theodora and Justinian confronted the destruction of important monuments in Constantinople, including the original Hagia Sophia. The Anecdota of Secret History, translated by H.B. A mosaic-like halo is embroidered on the runner, the plate resting in its center, which references the halo in the Ravenna mosaic and associates Theodora with both her imperial reign and her religious work. (128.9 × 77.2 cm). And certain part of mosaics use gold. [9] Theodora, in Procopius's account, made a name for herself with her salacious portrayal of Leda and the Swan. This mosaic illustrates the meaning of royalty presenting objects of value to the church.Theodora was known to be the responsible of the victory of Justinian in Constantinople. She engaged in matchmaking, forming a network of alliances between the old powers, represented by Emperor Anastasius' family and the pre-existing nobility, and the new, who were Justinian's and her relatives. Syria;[5] Nicephorus Callistus Xanthopoulos names Theodora a native of Cyprus, while the Patria, attributed to George Codinus, claims Theodora came from Paphlagonia. [6] Her parents had two more daughters, the eldest named Comito and the youngest Anastasia. [4] There are several indications of her possible birthplace. 1971; 2nd. When he was exiled by Justinian along with 300 Miaphysites to the fortress of Delcus in Thrace, Theodora rescued him and brought him to the Hormisdas Palace. [21] Later accounts frequently attribute the death to breast cancer, although it was not identified as such in the original report where the use of the term "cancer" probably referred to "a suppurating ulcer or malignant tumor". [13], The rioters set many public buildings on fire, and proclaimed a new emperor, Hypatius, the nephew of former emperor Anastasius I. "[15], Her determined speech convinced them all, including Justinian himself, who had been preparing to run. The couple rebuilt the basilica, which was rededicated in 537. Her father, Acacius, was a bear trainer of the hippodrome's Green faction in Constantinople. In the near future, Justinian married Theodora.[11]. As for me, I agree with the adage that the royal purple is the noblest shroud. Those whose interests are threatened by extreme danger should think only of the wisest course of action, not of conventions. They sought to escape 'the unwelcome transformation' by leaping over the walls (SH 17). —-. In Novel 8.1 (AD 535), she is publicly acknowledged as shaping an anti-corruption legislation, and provincial officials had to take an oath to her as well as the emperor. Photograph by Jook Leung Photography, Judy Chicago (American, b. [7] After her father's death, when Theodora was four,[8] her mother brought her children wearing garlands into the hippodrome and presented them as suppliants to the Blue faction. Yet reflect for a moment whether, when you have once escaped to a place of security, you would not gladly exchange such safety for death. She was also known for her beauty and this mosaic frames in huge towering tiara with diamonds, esmeralds, sapphires, and pearls. 500, Crete or Syria, exact location unknown; d. 548, Constantinople). Justinian's legislations also expanded the rights of women in divorce and property ownership, instituted the death penalty for rape, forbade exposure of unwanted infants, gave mothers some guardianship rights over their children, and forbade the killing of a wife who committed adultery. She was often present when the Emperor held court, and even held court independently when the Emperor was unwell. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985. On the right is a mosaic depicting the East Roman Emperor Justinian I, clad in Tyrian purple with a golden halo, standing next to court officials, Bishop … She became empress upon Justinian's accession in 527 and was one of his chief advisers, albeit from humble origins. Porcelain with overglaze enamel (China paint) and gold glaze, 14 × 14 × 1 3/16 in. He lived under her protection and, after her death in 548, under Justinian's. [20] As a result, she was accused of fostering heresy and thus undermined the unity of Christendom. Theodora I, 497 - 28.6.548, Byzantine Empress, mosaic, Basilica of San Vitale, Ravenna, circa 540, Romanesque, early Christian a; The Empress Theodora, (wife of Justinian 1), a powerful woman. Instead, Theodora spoke out, preferring to die a ruler than to be removed from power, and her courage prompted Justinian to send in troops to calm the rebels. Theodora participated in Justinian's legal and spiritual reforms. This 6th century mosaic is from the Basilica of San Vitale, Ravenna. After many days, some of them might at last be summoned, but going into her presence in great fear, they very quickly departed. The mosaic is very glitter using specific methods. Empress Theodora’s place setting uses Byzantine iconography and mosaics to convey her important role in building the Byzantine Empire. 1939). She was given charge of his imperial seal, implying that her perusal and consent were necessary before any document or order received legal validity. New York: Greenwood Press, 1992. In 532, religious unrest plagued the region. The mosaic has several features of loyalty to support her royalty. The riots stemmed from many grievances, some of which had resulted from Justinian's and Theodora's own actions.

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